In the fast-changing technological realm, the influence of Artificial Intelligence extends beyond national boundaries, demanding a comprehensive framework of international regulations to oversee its progress and implementation.
The current landscape of technological progress is influenced by groups of prominent players.
Notably, in the United States, primarily through its corporate tech giants, China with its government-driven initiatives, and the European Union through the implementation of the EU Artificial Intelligence Act, are at the forefront of this development.
While these endeavours play a crucial role, they fail to deliver the diverse range of global viewpoints and concerns related to AI.
Absence of AI Governance
The past demonstrates that policy choices concerning technology can dictate who reaps its benefits.
In observing the ongoing tech rivalry between the United States and China, one might deduce that a nation’s technological progress directly influences its wealth and influence.
The United States’ attempts to curb China’s AI expansion by increasing AI chips restriction reflect its concerns and apprehension.
Due to the absence of comprehensive global AI governance, nations retain their sovereign rights to enact economic policies that promote their growth and safeguard their national interest.
Nonetheless, such actions could also exacerbate the already strained relationship between the United States and China.
China Advocates for Global AI Governance
China has recently been advocating for the establishment of global AI governance measures, highlighting the importance of international cooperation in addressing the challenges associated with the rapid advancement of AI.
In the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of PRC’s website, the Global AI Governance Initiative was launched on the 20 October:
“We call on all countries to enhance information exchange and technological cooperation on the governance of AI. We should work together to prevent risks, and develop AI governance frameworks, norms and standards based on broad consensus, so as to make AI technologies more secure, reliable, controllable, and equitable. We welcome governments, international organizations, companies, research institutes, civil organizations, and individuals to jointly promote the governance of AI under the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution, and shared benefits.”
Why AI Global Governance?
As AI technologies continue to advance, the significance of AI global governance is growing.
The race for technological progress has transformed into a global contest for power and prestige, leading nations to vie for dominance in the field.
Those with an advantage can hinder the technological advancement of others, leading to unjust and unethical competition.
AI global governance seeks to establish standardised regulations and guidelines for nations to adhere to, fostering international collaboration and cooperation.